Once the law becomes effective, registered lobbyists will comply. But unregistered lobbyists will not.
As lawmakers consider the regulatory framework governing lobbyists’ activities in 2013 and forward, perhaps the first step should be to more adequately define “influence” and to clarify the definition of who should register as a lobbyist. With this accomplished, the public and the media will be better equipped to make more informed decisions regarding those elected to serve at the state and local levels of government.
Under Georgia’s current ethics framework, individuals who are paid to promote or oppose state or local legislation, regulation or ordinance, and invest more than 10 percent of their time in such advocacy are required to register as a lobbyist with the Georgia Transparency and Campaign Finance Commission (ethics commission). Individuals who expend more than $1,000 to influence public policy also must register.
Once registered with the ethics commission, lobbyists must file frequent and comprehensive reports, which disclose what the lobbyist or his/her client has expended in the course of advocacy. Under this regulatory framework, the public and the media have nearly immediate and convenient access to lobbyists’ spending via the Internet.
Individuals who are conducting lobbying activities but who do NOT register with the ethics commission are not subject to disclosure requirements. Thus, Georgia citizens and the media never know of the activities of these unregistered lobbyists who may be entertaining elected officials, engineering substantial grassroots advocacy networks, or promoting business location or expansion in our state.
Currently, more than 1,200 people are registered with state ethics commission. Most file timely and complete reports disclosing their spending on elected officials, agency heads and key staff. Those who fail to file timely reports are hit with significant fines that must be paid before they can renew for the next legislative session.
Professional lobbyists pursue a reputation of honesty, integrity and reliability of information. Few risk the negative notoriety associated with compliance (ethics) problems. Last year, several career lobbyists established the Georgia Professional Lobbyists Association with a mission to provide high-quality professional development training seminars for registered lobbyists, advocates for underserved communities, and other citizens who desire to more effectively communicate their causes to elected officials.
To date, GPLA has provided more than 22 hours of professional education. Much of the content of GPLA seminars focuses on regulatory compliance and disclosure. Also, at least one hour of instruction at every seminar is provided by an expert on professional ethics or a former ethics regulator. These ethicists help lobbyists protect their personal and professional image by demonstrating how to make sound behavioral and career choices in the turbulent environment of government and politics.
The public, the media, and lobbyists themselves benefit from knowing what registered lobbyists are spending as they represent their clients and their issues. Georgia’s current ethics framework provides a wealth of information to the public and the media about the activities and expenditures of registered lobbyists and their organizations. But it tells nothing of the influence of unregistered lobbyists.
Jet Toney has participated in 37 regular sessions of the Georgia General Assembly. A former public information officer for the Georgia House of Representatives and a 26-year state issues lobbyist, he serves as volunteer chair of the Georgia Professional Lobbyists Association.